Aung San Suu Kyi
Leading the struggle for democracy in Burma
The 1990 Rafto Prize for Human Rights was awarded to Aung San Suu Kyi (1945), the leader of the National League for Democracy in Burma, for her peaceful struggle under the military dictatorship.
During the student uprising of 1988 Aung San Suu Kyi became involved in political protests and assisted in founding the National League for Democracy (NLD), which won the 1990 general elections. However, the elections were not recognised by the military government of Burma.
Aung San Suu Kyi had already been detained under house arrest before the 1990 elections. She remained under house arrest in Burma for almost 15 of the 21 years from July 1989 until her release in November 2010. Suu Kyi has become an icon for political liberation and democracy in Burma. Her non-violent struggle for democracy was internationally recognised when she received the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize.
Aung San Suu Kyi is the official patron of the Rafto Human Rights House in Bergen, Norway. She paid a historic visit to Bergen in June 2012.